There are many medical conditions that can cause changes in behavior, sensation, movement and awareness that might be confused with epilepsy. However, what actually happens during a person’s seizure - and their medical history - can be critical in helping to accurately diagnose epilepsy.
If a medical history of epilepsy is suspected, a doctor may order medical tests to try and confirm the diagnosis. Early testing might include an EEG test (electroencephalogram), which allows for the recording of brain activity, and blood tests as part of the initial work-up. Additionally, an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can provide a detailed picture of the brain’s anatomy to better evaluate the condition of a person who is having seizures.