The first line of response when a person has a seizure is to provide general care and comfort and to keep the person safe. For most seizures basic seizure first aid is all that may be needed, while more serious seizures may require a greater degree of care.
What To Do When Someone Is Having A Seizure
Although each type of seizure can bring its own signs and symptoms, there are a few key actions every responder should take to help the person experiencing the seizure stay safe until the seizure passes or until emergency help arrives.
What NOT To Do When Someone Is Having A Seizure
Several misconceptions still exist about how to best respond to an individual who is experiencing a seizure. Here is a look at what NOT to do, and how to best control the situation until the seizure passes or emergency help arrives.
When to Call for Emergency Medical Help
In most cases, basic first aid care is all that will be needed for an individual experiencing a seizure. However, emergency medical help should be contacted in the case of particularly extreme or irregular seizure events.
A responder should not hesitate to contact emergency medical help if:
- A seizure lasts 5 minutes or longer.
- One seizure occurs right after another without the person regaining consciousness or coming to between seizures.
- Seizures occur closer together than usual for that person.
- Breathing becomes difficult or the person appears to be choking.
- The seizure occurs in water.
- Injury may have occurred.
- The person asks for medical help.